Efectos de los programas de Educación Física en el desarrollo motriz, cognitivo, social, emocional y la salud de niños de 0 a 6 años. Una revisión sistemática

  1. Víctor Arufe Giráldez 1
  2. Alba Pena García 1
  3. Rubén Navarro Patón 2
  1. 1 Universidade da Coruña
    info

    Universidade da Coruña

    La Coruña, España

    ROR https://ror.org/01qckj285

  2. 2 Universidade de Santiago de Compostela
    info

    Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    Santiago de Compostela, España

    ROR https://ror.org/030eybx10

Revista:
Sportis: Revista Técnico-Científica del Deporte Escolar, Educación Física y Psicomotricidad

ISSN: 2386-8333

Ano de publicación: 2021

Volume: 7

Número: 3

Páxinas: 448-480

Tipo: Artigo

DOI: 10.17979/SPORTIS.2021.7.3.8661 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openAcceso aberto editor

Outras publicacións en: Sportis: Revista Técnico-Científica del Deporte Escolar, Educación Física y Psicomotricidad

Indicadores

Citas recibidas

  • Citas en Dialnet Métricas: 4 (26-01-2023)
  • Citas en Web of Science: 2 (02-01-2023)

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Ano 2021
  • Factor de impacto da revista: 1,120
  • Ámbito: EDUCACIÓN Cuartil: C1 Posición no ámbito: 36/228
  • Ámbito: DEPORTE Cuartil: C1 Posición no ámbito: 8/43

CIRC

  • Ciencias Sociais: C

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Ano 2021
  • JCI da revista: 0.43
  • Cuartil maior: Q3
  • Área: EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH Cuartil: Q3 Posición na área: 494/743

Resumo

The benefits of Physical Education in childhood and adolescence have been addressed by multiple researchers. However, in childhood, the stage from 0 to 6 years, there are few studies that address the study of the effects produced by structured Physical Education programs. The main objective of this work is to carry out a systematic review on the main research works that addressed the effects of Physical Education programs on the motor, cognitive, social, affective-emotional development and health of children from 0 to 6 years old. The PRISMA protocol has been followed, using a total of 5 international and national databases (Web of Science, Scopus, Sport Discus, Psycinfo and Dialnet). A total of 1,370 potential articles were obtained, of which 30 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. All of them are empirical studies carried out in different countries. The results confirm a greater number of scientific evidences focused on the area of ​​cognitive development, followed by the motor sphere. Several studies have also been found that address improvements in children's health, the social, affective and emotional sphere. The need to implement more structured Physical Education programs in the 0 to 6-year-old stage is concluded, in order to favor the development of different areas of children and improve their health. In no study were negative effects on its development found. For this reason, educational administrations are invited to incorporate a greater number of hours of Physical Education in Early Childhood Education.

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