Optimisation of biological nitrogen removal processes to treat reject water from anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge

  1. Alexandre Galí Serra
Dirixida por:
  1. Joan Mata-Álvarez Director

Universidade de defensa: Universitat de Barcelona

Ano de defensa: 2006

  1. Juan Manuel Lema Rodicio Presidente
  2. Ricard Torres Castillo Secretario/a
  3. René Moletta Vogal
  4. Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht Vogal
  5. Francisco Javier Lafuente Sancho Vogal

Tipo: Tese

Teseo: 135241 DIALNET lock_openTDX editor


In the present work, the biological treatment of real reject water (800 mg NH4+-N L-1) from anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge from a waste water treatment plant (WWTP) is carried out. The process was optimised with a Sequencing Batch Reactors (SBR) of 3 L using methanol for denitrification due to the lack of a readily biodegradable organic carbon source. Process kinetics were compared through the specific Ammonium Uptake Rate (sAUR) finding the appropriate operational sequence at 32ºC with an 8 hour cycle length. Every operational cycle was carried out with a solid retention time (SRT) of 11 days, hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1 day and 2500 mg VSS L-1. In order to avoid nitrate formation, and thus to save costs, the oxygen concentration was maintained below 1 mg L-1 during the aerobic periods and pH remained within an optimal range (7.5-8.5) alternating different aerobic/anoxic sub-cycles inside the operational cycle. The total nitrogen removal was 0.8-0.9 kg N day-1 m-3. In order to make the process more economical metanol was substitute for the primary hidrolysate of the own WWTP obtaining a total nitrogen removal of 0.7 kg N day-1 m-3. The use of primary hidrolysate would lead to a cost reduction of 0.2-0.3 kg -1 N removed. The next step was to compare the SBR technology to obtain the nitrite route with the continuous technology using a chemostat reactor. In that a chemostat SHARON (Single-reactor High activity Ammonia Removal Over Nitrite) continuous reactor (4 L) was operated to develop the biological nitrogen removal via nitrite of reject water at 33 ºC. Methanol was added for denitrification In the same chemostat took place nitrification and denitrification alternating periods of 1 hour with a total HRT of 2. As a conclusion, the SBR would be a slightly cheaper process (1.01 versus 1.28 kg -1 N) due to the higher volumetric reaction rates and the SHARON process is a more stable system.