Historia de la camelia en la jardinería gallega

  1. Pilar Vela Fernández 1
  2. María del Carmen Salinero Corral 1
  3. María Jesús Sáinz Osés 2
  1. 1 Estación Fitopatolóxica Areeiro, Deputación de Pontevedra
  2. 2 Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    Santiago de Compostela, España

    ROR https://ror.org/030eybx10

Xardinería e Paisaxismo en Galicia: recursos e novos enfoques
  1. Pablo Ramil Rego (ed. lit.)
  2. Luis Gómez Orellana (ed. lit.)

Editorial: Instituto de Biodiversidade Agraria e Desenvolvimento Rural (IBADER) ; Universidad de Santiago de Compostela

Ano de publicación: 2019

Páxinas: 89-106

Tipo: Capítulo de libro


Although the arrival in the Iberian Peninsula for the first live camellia plants is notdocumented, there are historical and cultural evidences that suggest that it could happen inthe 16th and 17th centuries. The presence of Portuguese and Spanish navigators in Asia, areaof the genus Camellia, the missionaries evangelizing mission in Japan, early attempts to growin Europe Camellia sinensis (tea), artistic representations with camellias in fabrics, ceramics,furniture, etc., suggest they arrived before the 18th century. Until Linnaeus named the genusCamellia in 1735, these plants were known as “china roses” or local names transcribed (Tcha,Tsubaki, etc.), so they are difficult to identify in written references. At the end of 18th century, camellias are incorporated into Galician landscape and becomepreferential element of its gardens, first hand of the nobility, then becoming a feature of alllandscape areas of Galicia. In the South of Pontevedra it is known as “flor das Rías Baixas”and it has earned the recognition of Flor de Galicia for its current expansion, creating theRoute of camellias, a visit by 12 gardens, complemented with products derived from theseplants: Galician tea, oil, art