Patterns of parasite infection in the African elephant populations in Kenya

  1. Edward Mutethia King’ori
Dirixida por:
  1. María Patrocinio Morrondo Pelayo Director
  2. Samer Angelone Director
  3. Ramón C. Soriguer Escofet Director

Universidade de defensa: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Ano de defensa: 2021

Tribunal:
  1. Ignacio García Bocanegra Presidente/a
  2. Rosario Panadero Fontán Secretaria
  3. Luís Miguel Martins Lucas Cardoso Vogal
Departamento:
  1. Departamento de Patoloxía Animal

Tipo: Tese

Resumo

In this thesis helmint infection patterns, Amblyomma tholloni phylogeography and genetic structure and the molecular characterization of Ehrlichia, Anaplasma, Babesia and Theileria in African elephants have been studied. There was a higher prevalence of nematodes than trematodes. Tick genetic analysis revealed low genetic differentiation between regions. The molecular identification of Ehrlichia, Anaplasma, Babesia and Theileria in elephants and ticks showed that these animals were infected with a novel Babesia spp. while A. thollonii was infected with Theileria bicornis and Theileria cf. velifera. The prevalence of Babesia spp., Theileria spp. and Ehrlichia spp. in ticks was higher than in their hosts.