Short communicationEvaluation of tubal patency in repeat breeder Holstein cows

  1. Garrido, María R. 1
  2. Peña, Ana I. 1
  3. Herradon, Pedro G. 1
  4. Becerra, Juan J. 1
  5. Sande, Javier 1
  6. Quintela, Luis A. 1
  1. 1 University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Unit of Reproduction and Obstetrics, Dept. Animal Pathology. 27002 Lugo
Spanish journal of agricultural research

ISSN: 1695-971X 2171-9292

Ano de publicación: 2019

Volume: 17

Número: 4

Tipo: Artigo

DOI: 10.5424/SJAR/2019174-15419 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openAcceso aberto editor

Outras publicacións en: Spanish journal of agricultural research


Aim of study: To evaluate tubal patency in repeat breeder Holstein cows with the purpose of estimating the frequency of oviduct obstruction as a cause of the repeat breeding syndrome.Area of study: Lugo (NW Spain)Material and methods: In 50 repeat breeding cows, a solution of the dye phenol-sulphon-phthalein (PSP) was instilled into one uterine horn with the aid of a balloon catheter. Urine was collected 15, 25 and 45 min post-PSP infusion. Urine of a reddish color was used as indicator of tubal patency, as the PSP had passed across the oviduct into the abdominal cavity and was eliminated in urine. The other oviduct was evaluated on a different day.Main results: Of the 50 cows tested, 44% had some degree of oviduct obstruction: 4% had bilateral oviduct occlusion, 20% unilateral oviduct occlusion, 16% bilateral oviduct stenosis and 4% unilateral oviduct stenosis. No significant relationship could be established between tubal impermeability and postpartum reproductive or metabolic diseases.Research highlights: Tubal stenosis or occlusions were frequent and they are likely to contribute to the repeat breeding syndrome in dairy cows; thus, tubal patency should be routinely evaluated in repeat breeders. The PSP test is easy to perform, well tolerated by animals, and allows evaluating both oviducts separately.

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