Los riesgos maternos pre-, peri- y neonatales en una muestra de madres de hijos con trastorno generalizado del desarrollo

  1. López Gómez, Santiago
  2. Rivas Torres, Rosa María
  3. Taboada Ares, Eva María
Journal:
Psicothema

ISSN: 0214-9915

Year of publication: 2008

Volume: 20

Issue: 4

Pages: 684-690

Type: Article

More publications in: Psicothema

Metrics

Cited by

  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 2 (25-02-2024)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2008
  • Journal Impact Factor: 1.213
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 0.538
  • Article influence score: 0.1
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 36/101 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2008
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.415
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: Psychology (miscellaneous) Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 94/232

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: A+

Abstract

La etiología de los trastornos generalizados del desarrollo (TGD) es, en la actualidad, desconocida. Los estudios clínicos que ponen en evidencia el alto porcentaje de niños con problemas en el desarrollo, que han sufrido diversas complicaciones y riesgos perinatales, son muchos. Desde este planteamiento, el objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la presencia de riesgos pre-, peri- y neonatales en una muestra de 93 madres con hijos con un TGD. El instrumento utilizado ha sido un autoinforme, estructurado a modo de cuestionario, con el que se valoraron los riesgos perinatales en una serie de dimensiones: pregestacional, perigestacional, intraparto, neonatal, psicosocial y sociodemográfica. Las diferencias significativas halladas permiten definir riesgos perinatales de diversa naturaleza que pueden condicionar y describir variaciones en los TGD. Los riesgos biológicos, sobre todo los pregestacionales, seguidos de los perigestacionales, han estado más presentes que los de tipo psicosocial o sociodemográfico. Los riesgos específicos, en distintas combinaciones, son muy notables, pero no implican una causa directa con respecto a la etiología de los TGD. No obstante, suponen una descripción de los posibles factores asociados a los mismos, así como el reconocimiento de su multicausalidad.

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