Foreign policy of the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic in Central Asian region

  1. Maksut, Kuralay
Dirixida por:
  1. Antón Losada Trabada Director

Universidade de defensa: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Fecha de defensa: 22 de febreiro de 2015

Tribunal:
  1. Nieves Lagares Díez Presidenta
  2. Erika Jaráiz Gulías Secretaria
  3. Raquel Ojeda García Vogal
  4. Miguel García Guindo Vogal
  5. Anxo Calvo-Silvosa Vogal

Tipo: Tese

Resumo

Post-Soviet Central Asian region (former Soviet Socialist Republics, sharing borders with Afghanistan) in particular, so called �Great Central Asia� or �Eurasian Balkans� according to a superficial Eurasian continent geopolitical importance to global actors. The region has been the center of geopolitical pluralism and multiculturalism, which itself engender the ethnic problems and tension. Many experts are concordant with idea that geo-strategic clarity of Central Asia today has been underscored by two principal factors: first, the discovery of hydrocarbon reserves and second, it has become a major transportation hub connecting Europe, China, Russia, the Caucasus region, the Trans-Caspian region and the Indian Ocean. We may see how it is indicated in dissertation that the institutional formation and transformation for support of economy and liberal democracy is challenging task for all countries of region. As for institutional quality none of these countries were capable of building institutions which are at the same level as highly developed countries� institutions. Review of EU policy on a particular Central Asia, the regional direction is important in terms of identifying the characteristics and evaluates the functioning of the overall EU's external action. Being members of European Union the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic are promoting the interests and ideas of European Union, as well as complementing programs and projects in different countries by providing development assistance, which contributes to ensure security and stability at the global level as well as conflict prevention at the regional and local levels, reduce unwanted migration, the environment, the promotion of democracy, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and strengthening rule of law.. External actors began to participate more directly in cooperation and support of regional structures due to recognition of their interest in the prospering and stable Central Asia. In this thesis are presented the roles of actors in Central Asian region, a quantitative analysis of country � level data, the data of economic cooperation, and institutional changes in countries of region. This dissertation as is trying to compose an apparently impossibly task: Great Central Asian region building up; EU most advanced laboratory of political, economic, institutional, social, environmental and cultural and human capital approach because it is very special condition of non statehood union, that means partnership between sovereign, independent, free countries; in this large frame the case of Czech and Slovak Republics very well interpreter how to connect the past to the future with reverence to Central Asia, for countries which has been for a long part of past century into so called USSR bloc. It is now time in the contemporary history, in international relations theories, in transnational and regional cooperation experiences, on the way all over the world to make clear the starting point of this dissertation, only EU could become a credible, fusible, flexible example and modern for future regional aggregation not only in Europe and Asia but also in Africa, Latin America and Asia Pacific quagmire. In the last process of EU enlargement still undergoing with the last membership of Croatia and ongoing negations with Balkan countries, Central and Eastern Europe had assume a great role and in bridging problems and incapability, cultural and ideological barriers historical reason of conflicts, ethnical and language tensions, as nobody could have imagine as signing the founding the Treaty of Rome in 1957. Czech and Slovak republics in this sense are two small laboratories what we have said page after page in this dissertation. Central Asian countries focused on the interests of the major global players; region to some extent can be considered as the �key� to the geopolitical future and stability of the entire Asian continent. This dissertation presents the vision of the situation in Central Asia, the analysis of the risks and challenges faced by countries in the region, and described possible ways of development of cooperation between Czech and Slovak republics in the context of internal problems and external influences.