Movilidad internacional y empleabilidadel impacto en el capital humano y social de la juventud

  1. Ana Vázquez Rodríguez 1
  2. Jesús García Álvarez 1
  3. Miguel Anxo Santos Rego 1
  1. 1 Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

    Santiago de Compostela, España



ISSN: 0211-819X

Year of publication: 2021

Volume: 57

Issue: 1

Pages: 81-96

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5565/REV/EDUCAR.1185 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Educar


Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 5 (05-09-2023)
  • Dialnet Metrics Cited by: 4 (26-09-2023)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 4 (22-09-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 4 (04-03-2023)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2021
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.499
  • Best Quartile: Q2
  • Area: Education Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 507/1441
  • Area: Communication Quartile: Q2 Rank in area: 129/472
  • Area: Human-Computer Interaction Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 67/133

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Impact: 1.380
  • Field: EDUCACIÓN Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 27/228


  • Social Sciences: B

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2021
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.8
  • Area: Communication Percentile: 66
  • Area: Education Percentile: 54
  • Area: Human-Computer Interaction Percentile: 26

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2021
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 0.53
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 441/743


(Data updated as of 04-03-2023)
  • Total citations: 4
  • Recent citations: 4
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 8.74


In recent years, significant emphasis has been placed on international mobility as a strategy to improve youth employability. The main reasons for supporting it are the possibilities that it offers for the development of human and social capital in a knowledge economy. On this basis, the aim of this work is to analyze the influence of mobility on human and social capital as employability dimensions. To do this, a qualitative methodology has been followed, focused on a documentary review of the main studies conducted in the national and international context. The results report a bidirectional influence of capital on the relationship between mobility and employability: its effect is prior (in the decision-making process) and subsequent (acquisition of skills, together with the establishment of a contact network). However, the impact on employability is determined by the socioeconomic characteristics of the country, showing that mobility will be more beneficial in territories where the unemployment rate or educational mismatch is high.

Bibliographic References

  • AHSAN, A.K.M.; MAZIDAH, S.; HASHARINA, N. y CHATTORAJ, D. (2019). Global skills deficiency: Perspectives of skill mobility in Southeast Asian countries. Asian Education and Development Studies, 8(4), 416-432.
  • ALLEN, J. y VAN DER VELDEN, R. (2011). Introduction. En J. ALLEN y R. VAN DER VELDEN (eds.). The Flexible Professional in the Knowledge Society (pp. 1-14). Nueva York: Springer.
  • BECKER, G. (1994). Human capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • BEECH, S. (2015). International student mobility: The role of social networks. Social & Cultural Geography, 16(3), 332-350.
  • BEINE, M.; NOËL, R. y RAGOT, L. (2014). Determinants of the international mobility of students. Economics of Education Review, 41, 40-54.
  • BERRY, J.W. (2005). Acculturation: Living successfully in two cultures. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29(6), 697-712.
  • BLACK, T. y DUHON, D. (2006). Assessing the Impact of Business Study Abroad Programs on Cultural Awareness and Personal Development. Journal of Education for Business, 81, 140-144.
  • BOZKURT, O. y MOHR, A.T. (2011). Forms of cross-border mobility and social capital in multinational enterprises. Human Resource Management Journal, 21(2), 138-155.
  • BRACHT, O.; ENGEL, C.; JANSON, K.; OVER, A.; SCHOMBURG, H. y TEICHLER, U. (2006). The Professional Value of ERASMUS Mobility. Kassel: International Centre for Higher Education Research.
  • BURT, R. (1995). Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • CAI, Y. (2013). Graduate employability: A conceptual framework for understanding employers’ perceptions. Higher Education, 65(4), 457-469.
  • COMISIÓN EUROPEA (2016). Erasmus Impact Study: Regional Analysis. Luxemburgo: Servicio de Publicaciones Oficiales de la Unión Europea.
  • CROSSMAN, J.E. y CLARKE, M. (2010). International experience and graduate employability: Stakeholder perceptions on the connection. Higher Education, 59(5), 599-613.
  • CUETO, B.; MARTÍN-ROMÁN, A.; MORAL, A. y MORENO, A. (2018). Youth employment in the Iberian Countries. En M.A. MALO y A. MORENO (eds.). European Youth Labour Markets: Problems and Policies (pp. 27-44). Cham: Springer.
  • DI PIETRO, G. (2015). Do Study Abroad Programs Enhance the Employability of Graduates? Education Finance and Policy, 10(2), 223-243.
  • DOCQUIER, F. y RAPOPORT, H. (2012). Globalization, Brain Drain, and Development. Journal of Economic Literature, 50(3), 681-730.
  • DOLGA, L.; FILIPESCU, H.; POPESCU-MITROI, M.M. y MAZILESCU, C.A. (2015). Erasmus Mobility Impact on Professional Training and Personal Development of Students Beneficiaries. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 1006-2013.
  • FERNÁNDEZ-SALINERO, C. y GARCÍA-ÁLVAREZ, J. (2020). La inserción laboral de graduados y graduadas a través de los contactos personales: Una propuesta desde la gestión del conocimiento. Teoría de la Educación, 32(1), 163-189.
  • FLAP, H. y BOXMAN, E. (2000). Getting started: The influence of social capital on the start of the occupational career. En N. LIN, K. COOK y R. BURT (eds.). Social Capital: Theory and Research (pp. 159-181). Nueva York: Aldine de Gruyter.
  • GHIGNONI, E. y VERASHCHAGINA, A. (2014). Educational qualifications mismatch in Europe: Is it demand or supply driven? Journal of Comparative Economics, 42(3), 670-692.
  • GUTIÉRREZ-VELA, C. y PASAMAR, S. (2017) ¿Los programas de movilidad internacional incrementan la empleabilidad? Hekademos: Revista Educativa Digital, 10(23), 62-73.
  • HUMBURG, M. y VAN DER VELDEN, R. (2015). Skills and the graduate recruitment process: Evidence from two discrete choice experiments. Economics of Education Review, 49, 24-41.
  • JACOB, M.; KÜHHIRT, M. y RODRIGUES, M. (2019). Labour Market Returns to Graduates’ International Experience: Exploring Cross-Country Variation in Europe. European Sociological Review, 35(4), 491-505.
  • JAHR, V. y TEICHLER, U. (2007). Graduates’ international experience and mobility. En U. TEICHLER (ed.). Careers of University Graduates: Views and Experiences in Comparative Perspectives (pp. 211-224). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • JANSON, K.; SCHOMBURG, H. y TEICHLER, U. (2009). The Professional Value of ERASMUS Mobility: The Impact of International Experience on Former Students’ and on Teachers’ Careers. Bonn: Lemmens.
  • JONKERS, K. y TIJSEEN, R. (2008). Chinese researchers returning home: Impacts of international mobility on research collaboration and scientific productivity. Scientometrics, 77(2), 309-333.
  • LÖRZ, M.; NETZ, N. y QUAST, H. (2016). Why do students from underprivileged families less often intend to study abroad? Higher Education, 72, 153-174.
  • MOK, K.H. y NEUBAUER, D. (2016). Higher education governance in crisis: A critical reflection on the massification of higher education, graduate employment and social mobility. Journal of Education and Work, 29(1), 1-12.
  • PAIGE, M.; FRY, G.; STALLMAN, E.; JOSIC, J. y JON, J. (2009). Study abroad for global engagement: The long-term impact of mobility experiences. Intercultural Education, 20(1-2), 29-44.
  • PEETERS, E.; NELISSEN, J.; DE CUYPER, N.; FORRIER, A.; VERBRUGGEN, M. y DE WITTE, H. (2019). Employability Capital: A Conceptual Framework Tested Through Expert Analysis. Journal of Career Development, 46(2), 79-93.
  • PERNA, L.; OROSZ, K.; JUMAKULOV, Z.; KISHKENTAYEVA, M. y ASHIRBEKOV, A. (2014). Understanding the programmatic and contextual forces that influence participation in a government-sponsored international student-mobility program. Higher Education, 69, 173-188.
  • PETZOLD, K. (2017). Studying Abroad as a Sorting Criterion in the Recruitment Process: A Field Experiment Among German Employers. Journal of Studies in International Education, 21(5), 412-430.
  • PETZOLD, K. y PETER, T. (2015). The social norm to study abroad: Determinants and effects. Higher Education, 69(6), 885-900.
  • PINEDA, P.; MORENO, M.V. y BELVIS, E. (2008). La movilidad de los universitarios en España: Estudio sobre la participación en los programas Erasmus y Sicue. Revista de Educación, 346, 363-399.
  • POTTS, D. (2015). Understanding the Early Career Benefits of Learning Abroad Programs. Journal of Studies in International Education, 19(5), 399-422.
  • PUTNAM, R. (2000). Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. Nueva York: Simon and Schuster.
  • ROBST, J. (2007). Education and job match: The relatedness of college major and work. Economics of Education Review, 26(4), 397-407.
  • RODRÍGUEZ-ESTEBAN, A.; VIDAL, J. y VIEIRA, M.J. (2019). Un análisis de la empleabilidad de los universitarios en España a través del ajuste horizontal. Revista de Educación, 384, 229-254.
  • ROOT, E. y NGAMPORNCHAI, A. (2012). I Came Back as a New Human Being: Student Descriptions of Intercultural Competence Acquired Through Education Abroad Experiences. Journal of Studies in International Education, 17(5), 513-532.
  • ROY, A.; NEWMAN, A.; ELLENBERGER, T. y PYMAN, A. (2019). Outcomes of international student mobility programs: A systematic review and agenda for future research. Studies in Higher Education, 44(9), 1630-1644.
  • SANTOS REGO, M.A.; LORENZO, M. y VÁZQUEZ-RODRÍGUEZ, A. (2018). Educación no formal y empleabilidad de la juventud. Madrid: Síntesis.
  • SAMNANI, A.; BOEKHORST, J.A. y HARRISON, J.A. (2012). Acculturation strategy and individual outcomes: Cultural diversity implications for human resource management. Human Resource Management, 22(4), 323-335.
  • SHULTZ, T. (1961). Investment in Human Capital. The American Economic Review, 51(1), 1-17.
  • SPENCE, M. (1973). Job Market Signalling. The Quartely Journal of Economics, 87(3), 355-374.
  • STANISCIA, B.; DERAVIGNONE, L.; GONZÁLEZ-MARTÍN, B. y PUMARES, P. (2019). Youth mobility and the development of human capital: Is there a Southern European model? Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 1-17.
  • SULEMAN, F. (2018). The employability skills of higher education graduates: Insights into conceptual frameworks and methodological options. Higher Education, 76, 263-278.
  • TEICHLER, U. (2011). International Dimensions of Higher Education and Graduate Employment. En J. ALLEN y R. VAN DER VELDEN (eds.). The Flexible Professional in the Knowledge Society: New Challenges for Higher Education (pp. 177-198). Dordrecht: Springer.
  • TEICHLER, U. (2017). Internationalisation Trends in Higher Education and the Changing Role of International Student Mobility. Journal of International Mobility, 5, 177-216.
  • TEIJEIRO, M.; RUNGO, P. y FREIRE, M.J. (2013). Graduate competencies and employability: The impact of matching firms’ needs and personal attainments. Economics of Education Review, 34, 286-295.
  • TROOBOFF, S.; VANDE BERG, M. y RAYMAN, J. (2008). Employer Attitudes toward Study Abroad. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 15, 17-33.
  • VAN MOL, C. (2017). Do employers value international study and internships?: A comparative analysis of 31 countries. Geoforum, 78, 52-60.
  • VERHAEST, D.; SELLAMI, S. y VAN DER VELDEN, R. (2017). Desajuste de calificación horizontal y vertical según los países y las carreras estudiadas. Revista Internacional del Trabajo, 136(1), 1-23.
  • WAIBEL, S.; PETZOLD, K. y RÜGER, H. (2018). Occupational status benefits of studying abroad and the role of occupational specificity – A propensity score matching approach. Social Science Research, 74, 45-61.
  • WAIBEL, S.; RÜGER, H.; ETTE, A. y SAUER, L. (2017). Career consequences of transnational educational mobility: A systematic literature review. Educational Research Review, 20, 81-98.
  • WIERS-JENSSEN, J. (2011). Background and Employability of Mobile vs. Non-Mobile Students. Tertiary Education and Management, 17(2), 79-100.